INDUSTRY INFORMATION

行业资讯
  • 食品着色剂的种类有多少?
  • 本站编辑:桐乡市恒瑞化工环球彩票发布日期:2018-06-29 15:30 浏览次数:

1508392237120712.png

着色剂是使食品赋予色泽和改善食品色泽的食品添加剂。
Colorants are food additives that give food color and improve food color.
着色剂又称食品色素,是使食品赋予色泽和改善食品色泽的物质,属于食品添加剂中的一类。目前,世界上常用的食品着色剂有60余种,按其来源和性质可分为食品天然着色剂和食品合成着色剂两大类。食品天然着色剂主要来自天然色素,按其来源不同,主要有三类:一是植物色素,如甜菜红、姜黄、β-胡萝卜素、叶绿素等;二是动物色素,如紫胶红、胭脂虫红等;三是微生物类,如红曲红等。食品合成着色剂主要是依据某些特殊的化学基团或生色基团进行合成的,按其化学结构可分为两类,一是偶氮色素类,如苋菜红、胭脂红、日落黄、柠檬黄、新红、诱惑红、酸性红等;二是非偶氮色素类,如赤藓红、亮蓝等。
Colorants, also known as food colorants, are substances that give food color and improve food color. They belong to food additives. At present, there are more than 60 kinds of food colorants commonly used in the world. According to their sources and properties, they can be divided into two categories: natural coloring agents and synthetic colorants. Natural coloring agent of food mainly comes from natural pigment. According to its source, there are three main types: one is plant pigment, such as beet red, Jiang Huang, beta carotene, chlorophyll and so on; two is animal pigment, such as lac red, rouge red and so on, and three is microorganism, such as red koji red. Food synthetic colorants are mainly synthesized according to some special chemical groups or chromogenic groups. According to their chemical structure, they can be divided into two categories, one is azo pigments such as amaranth, carmine, sunset yellow, lemon yellow, new red, seductive red and acid red, and two are non azo pigments, such as erythryte red, bright blue and so on.