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  • 瓷釉的主要成分你知道吗?
  • 本站编辑:桐乡市恒瑞化工有限公司发布日期:2018-06-01 10:28 浏览次数:

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瓷釉的出现给瓷器穿上了华丽的霓裳,赋予瓷器或是清雅端庄、或是绚丽多彩的不同气质,瓷釉可不只是我们看得到、摸得到的瓷器上光滑靓丽的一面,里面有很多学问需要学习的。那么我们就先来看看瓷釉的主要成分。
The appearance of porcelain glaze has put on the splendid neon of the porcelain, giving the porcelain or the elegant and colorful different temperament. The porcelain glaze is not only the smooth and beautiful side of the porcelain that we can see and feel. There are many learning needs to be learned. Let's take a look at the main components of the glaze.
釉果:将釉石(即用米配制釉料的瓷石)舂细淘净,制成土砖状,俗称“釉果“。釉果在使用前不须再经淘洗,只要掺入釉灰即可以作釉料。
Glazed fruit: the glazed stone (that is, the porcelain stone made of rice glaze) is made up of fine bricks and made of bricks, commonly known as "glazed fruit". Glazed fruit should not be washed until it is used. Glaze can be glazed as long as it is mixed with glaze.
釉灰
glaze
釉灰:是用石灰石与狼鸡草或凤尾草层叠烧炼数次之后,再经陈腐而成。它的主要成份是碳酸钙,并含有一些石英、钾、钠等化合物,主要起助熔作用。釉灰在使用时分为头灰和二灰:只经过粉碎、过筛、淘洗的名为头灰;用人溲浸渍陈腐一至二个月后,再加以炼制的名为二灰。
Glaze ash is made of limestone and wolfgrass or Pteris grass. Its main component is calcium carbonate, and contains some quartz, potassium, sodium and other compounds, mainly to play a role in melting. The glaze ash is used as the head ash and two ash at the time of use: the name is the head ash only by crushing, sifting and washing, and then impregnated with human beings for one to two months, then the name is two ash.
釉浆
Glaze pulp
釉浆:瓷器的釉料,为了便于施挂,一般制成釉浆的形式。据文献记载,明清时景德镇配制釉浆的过程是:先将釉灰用水淘细,后配以白不泥(即釉果)调和成浆状。泥灰的比例,视所施器物的种类而定。“泥十盆,灰一盆为上釉。泥七八,灰二三为中釉。若原对或灰多为下。“一般的规律是:釉灰用得太少,烧成后釉面会出现水波纹等釉病;釉灰用得太多,釉的熔度低烧成后釉面光滑,但釉色易泛青或泛灰。
Glaze paste: glaze of porcelain, in order to facilitate hanging, it is generally made of glaze paste. According to the literature, in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the process of preparing glaze slurry in Jingdezhen was: first, wash the glaze ash with water, and then mix it with white clay (i.e. glaze fruit) to form paste. The proportion of marl depends on the type of utensil. "Mud ten basin, ash a pot for glaze. Mud seven or eight, ash two or three in the glaze. If the original or ash is much lower. "The general rule is: the glaze ash is used too little, and the glaze will appear water wave and other glaze diseases after the burning. The glaze is used too much, the glaze's melting degree is low and the glaze is smooth, but the glaze is easy to pan green or pan gray.

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